Some dogs are born blind, while others lose their sight due to age or illness. Training a blind dog, even if it's just the basic obedience commands, is highly recommended as it will help to keep them safe. Vision is only one of a dog's many acute senses but it does have its advantages! By teaching your dog a few commands you can give her the gift of confidence. Here are a few suggestions on training a blind dog:
Remove any objects that your dog could trip over. If possible, make a nice clear area that you can use for training without worrying about having to maneuver your way around.
Note: do not say "slow down", as this may confuse your dog into thinking you want her to "slow" as well as "down" (ie. lie down).
Teaching this command is similar to the "Slow" command. Again, put your dog on a leash and begin walking. Apply a steady, gentle pressure to the leash while at the same time saying, "Wait". Reward your dog the instant she stops moving (she doesn't necessarily have to sit - she just needs to stop).
Once she reliably responds to this command on leash, repeat the process while she's off leash. Walk beside her and when you say "Wait", she should stop. Praise her when she does. If she doesn't stop, say "Wait" while applying gentle steady pressure to her collar until she stops. Reward her for stopping.
You will also need a "release word" when you use the Wait command. This word tells your dog it's okay to starting moving again. It can be anything you want, ie. "Okay!", "Let's go!", etc. Say it in an upbeat, happy voice.
There are some tools to help keep blind dogs safe, such as a halo. A halo will prevent the dog from running face-first into an object and potentially hurt himself.
Timing is key to successful dog training, regardless of whether the dog is blind or whether it still has its sight. Reward your dog the instant she responds to a command (and ignore any 'bad' behavior). Lots of positive reinforcement will help her to learn the commands, while maintaining the bond you have with your dog.