Our canine friends can experience dog eye problems, ranging from mild conditions that generally do not affect the quality of the dog's life, to severe conditions that are medical emergencies. Brachycephalic breeds - that's dogs with pushed-in or flat faces, like the Pekingese, Pug, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, or Boxer - tend to be prone to eye problems because their eyes are more prominent and protrude slightly.
Eye problems are not that unusual as common health concerns in dogs. Below is a brief summary of several eye conditions. However, do not attempt to diagnose your dog yourself - please bring him to the vet for consultation for proper diagnosis if you notice that your dog may be having issues with his eyes.
Consult a vet immediately if you notice any of these warning signs. Do not wait even a day - go immediately! Your dog's vision depends on immediate action.
On the other hand, Nuclear Sclerosis is an eye condition often mistaken for cataracts. Older dogs develop a hardening of the eye lens that results in a greyish-looking appearance. This does not affect the dog's vision.
Your vet may refer you to a veterinary ophthalmologist in more severe cases that require a specialist's opinion. Don't be afraid to questions about treatments or surgeries. Dog eye problems may be minor or they may be serious, but catching them early gives the best opportunity to treat the issue for a positive outcome.