Barking Dogs & Normal Barking Behaviour
Some of the Reasons Why Dogs Bark:
- To get attention. Many times you'll find
puppies yapping to try to get your attention (adult
dogs do this too, of course - for instance, a dog may
bark continuously until his owner gives him a treat).
If you give in and turn your attention to the barker, you are rewarding him for barking. Ignore him instead. Reward him when he's quiet.
- "Play barking". Some dogs give
short little barks to try to engage other pets (or
people) in play. Often this is accompanied with a
"play bow" and/or a wagging tail.
If your dog gets over-excited and begins to bark excessively, stop play immediately and let him calm down.
- Warning barks. For example, barking when
someone approaches the door, ie. the "watch dog"
bark. The dog's barking may become much more rapid as
the stranger approaches, and the dog may growl as well.
Do not soothe your dog or in any way indicate that there really is something "scary" that the dog needs to be anxious about. Reinforcing the barking in this way may cause your dog to bark even more the next time (and it'll make it harder to teach him to stop when you ask him to).
Use a command to indicate to your dog that he should stop barking, for example some people use the cute, "Enough!". Say it in a firm, calm, low tone of voice and be consistent. Praise your dog when he is quiet. Don't lose patience - it takes time to reinforce the right behavior.
- Barking because the dog is bored. This type of
barking often causes a problem, especially with the neighbors.
It's the dog that sits outside and barks (while driving the
neighbors crazy) because he has nothing else to do.
Make sure your dog gets plenty of exercise (a tired dog is a happy dog!). You can also provide him with some form of stimulation. A good example is one of the Kong toys. These are rubber, tiered toys with a hole through the middle. You stuff them with little bits of treats (many dogs like a smear of peanut butter, too). Dogs can spend a lot of time gnawing on the toy and occasionally getting a small tasty reward as the treats are gradually worked out.
- Anxiety barking. Some dogs suffer from
separation anxiety when they are left alone.
Often times the dogs seem unable to stop themselves,
and the more they bark, the more they seem to need
to continue to bark.
This type of barking behaviour can be difficult to manage. Consulting with a dog training professional may be a good way to determine the best method of modifying or controlling anxiety barking.
- "I'm here" communication. Have
you ever heard one of the neighborhood dogs start
barking - and then a bunch of others join in? Dogs
sometimes bark to communicate that they're also
in the area.